Nutrition

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“Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food”
– Hippocrates –

Nutrition is a functional aspect of health and the connection between diet and health is must to be considered vital for our pets.

For this reason is important to respect the anatomy and the physiology every animal patient has evolved with.

Cats, as an example, are the worst fed domesticated animals as they should be considered, according to their anatomy and physiology, true or obligate carnivorous. They presents enlarged canine teeth for grabbing and holding prey, specialized carnassial teeth for sharing meat, nocturnal vision, independent ears moving, long whiskers and sharp, retractable claws allowing them to grab and hold prey down. According to this anatomical characteristics cats need an animals-based, high protein diet in order to maintain a proper health. Compared to omnivores and herbivores, carnivores have short, highly acidic digestive tracts, meaning a decreased time that raw meat is in the gut avoiding putrefaction of meat products due to bacterial contamination.

Cats do not possess certain digestive enzymes in adequate amounts. For example, amylase in the saliva of humans and is used to break down starches in the mouth. Feline saliva does not contain enzymes and is only used as a lubricant for swallowing large pieces of food. One should conclude that there was no need for felines to develop the ability to produce salivary amylase due to lack of dietary starch.

But, have a look to the cat commercial or “medicated” food label, and read the ingredient, you will find a lot of starch and maize …maize? I thought maize be part of a chicken diet.

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